Katelyn Weisbrod | July 13, 2018
Recent weather events in Iowa have followed the expected effects of climate change.
Connie Mutel, a historian at IIHR—Hydroscience and Engineering at the University of Iowa, penned an op-ed in The Gazette this week, bringing light to the effects of climate change visible in recent weather events around the state.
Between 1901 and 2016, she wrote, Iowa’s average temperature has increased about 1 degree Fahrenheit. With this, weather events in Iowa have become more extreme and unpredictable.
Among the staggering statistics are increases in:
- Absolute humidity due to greater evaporation from lakes and rivers (23 percent increase since 1971 in Dubuque)
- Rainfall due to the higher capacity of air to hold moisture (about 5 more inches per year compared to 100 years ago)
- Heavy precipitation events, causing soil erosion impacting agriculture (37 percent increase between 1958 and 2012)
If humans continue to emit greenhouse gases at the current rate, the predictions for the future are even more dire:
- Extreme heat waves (one every 10 years) will be around 13 degrees Fahrenheit hotter by 2050
- Global average temperature increase of over 7 degrees Fahrenheit from 1900 levels by 2100 — compared to a 1.8 degree increased seen so far
Mutel calls for more action in Iowa and nationwide to switch to renewable energy sources, following in the footsteps of countries like China, Costa Rica, and New Zealand that are on their way toward serious reductions in fossil-fuel based energy production.
“Will we continue to allow current trends to slide us toward a less dependable globe that degrades life’s abundance, beauty, and health?” she asks. “Or will we work for a self-renewing, healthier, more stable planet fueled by the sun, wind, and other renewables? The choice remains ours.”