Simone Garza | February 7, 2022
Utah’s well-known reservoir, The Great Salt Lake, has been shrinking at startling low levels.
The lake levels are currently low because of a regional megadrought in the area from climate change. It has caused water to draw away from the lake, which is beneficial for Utah in providing homes and crops. The Great Salt Lake has been continuously shrinking since the first record made in 1847.
Utah Gov. Spencer Cox is currently proposing $46 million to help find solutions for the issue in the state’s water infrastructure budget. Concerns are appearing as possible ideas may not begin quickly to slow down the environmental issue. One idea from Gov. Cox and House Speaker Brad Wilson, is to halt water usage in businesses and homes by measuring inexpensive outside water. Another idea would involve paying farmers disturbing their water downstream. A final proposal is to have direct the profits from mineral-extraction royalties to assisting the lake.
The Great Salt Lake imposes danger to migrating birds and the lake focused economy in the area. The vastly dried lakebed may also transfer arsenic-laced dust into the air, causing people to inhale toxins. It may also affect snowfall in the mountains near The Great Salt Lake, causing the snow to melt rapidly, as water may soak up the soil rather than entering the lake. In July 2021, a report on the lake showed, a total of 4191.3 feet (1277.5 meters) above sea level. If water levels continue to decrease, the water will become overly salty. This will make it challenging for edible microbes to live. Edible microbes are biomasses obtained from bacteria, yeasts, or filamentous fungi as a replacement to standard sources of food and nourishment.
Within the last 10 years, the state population has increased over 18.4 percent. An average of 200,000 homes and businesses pay a flat fee for a season of irrigation water. The term is called a secondary water system created by converting the agriculture supply in suburban communities. These account for the excessive use of the state’s water that is mainly in the lake’s watershed.