Thomas Robinson | April 13th, 2021
In a recent study, researchers demonstrated that small increases in carbon monoxide can increase number of mortalities the next day.
Scientists have observed a positive connection between daily mortality and ambient carbon monoxide (CO) exposure from 337 cities in 18 countries. The level of exposure they measured was of a low concentration below current air quality regulations which suggests that current measures may not go far enough in preventing negative public health outcomes from ambient CO. A major finding in the study was that there seems to be no threshold between CO exposure and mortality, which suggests there is no safe level of exposure to ambient CO.
Carbon monoxide is released into the air from the incomplete combustion of carbon based fuel sources used to run cars or generators for example. The air pollutant takes the place of oxygen molecules which prevents essential organs from receiving the amount of oxygen they need to function. At high concentrations carbon monoxide can be fatal, but at lower concentrations it can cause fatigue and chest pains in those with heart problems.
These findings suggest that the global community should revisit current air quality regulations with a focus for how low level exposure to ambient pollutants influences public health.