Thomas Robinson | April 28th, 2020
Terrestrial insect populations are declining, according to a study released this month.
Researchers analyzed over 150 insect surveys to clarify concerns about declining insect populations and found that terrestrial insect populations decreased by 9% per decade, while freshwater insect populations increased by 11% per decade. The researchers placed emphasis on the fact that data were scarce from land areas with high urban and agricultural use, which suggests that the actual rate is higher than a 9% decline per decade.
Insect population decline has been the topic of recent research which warns of a catastrophic decrease in insect populations across the globe. Since the 1970’s, it is estimated that the abundance of insects has declined by around 50%. Insects are an essential component of our globe’s ecosystems and the decline in populations signals an unseen risk to the environment.
In Iowa, one trend that is likely to contribute to the decline in insect populations is the extensive use of pesticides such as neonicitinoids, which are a key suspect for the decline in many insect species such as bees. Iowa has seen an increase in the amount of neonicitinoids applied since 2004 as they have been proven to be an effective insecticide if applied as a seed coating. With the continuing trend of increased pesticide use in Iowa it is unlikely insect populations will halt their decrease in our state anytime soon.