Particles from the stoves and fireplaces, like car exhaust, can aggravate asthma, bronchitis or emphysema.
Older models cause the most trouble and homeowners are encouraged to upgrade to newer ones:
The study points to extreme risk with older wood burning stoves built before 1992, before the EPA stepped up regulations. The newer ones reduce the risk.
“They’re just a lot less finicky a lot easier to operate and the smoke spilling into the house technology has come a long way,” said Kalb.
If your wood burning stove is at least 15 years old, it does not produce the best air quality. Older models don’t close shut.
But a new model seals in most of the toxic fumes. Other features make them safer in your home.
“Usually your chimney sweep can tell you how efficient it is and if it’s aged then it probably is a pretty inefficient model,” said Kalb.
But operator error can make any age model hazardous.
“It’s never a good idea to burn shingles, garbage, and tire shreds,” said Dodge.
Tax incentives come along with upgrading wood burning stove. You can get up to $300. You can also buy an insert to put on an old fashioned version that will help with efficiency and reduce pollution.